The story of human evolution is in many ways the story of energy and resource consumption, be it electricity, water or other natural resources, we are consuming more and more with every passing day and this is impacting our environment in more ways than one. Experts estimate that in the year 2030 our world needs 60 more energy than it did just a decade ago. If the balance between demand and supply of energy is not met then we are headed towards a catastrophe.
One of the key consumers of energy happens to be buildings that use up between (30 – 40) percent of the world's entire primary energy.
The building also contributes between 30 to 40 percent of greenhouse gas emissions worldwide. While building and infrastructure consume vast amounts of our resources and threaten the ecological system that supports life. They cannot be done away with we need building today and shall continue to need them in the future as well buildings to live in, buildings for education, buildings for producing and storing goods and buildings to work in. Worldwide building construction and economic growth often go hand in hand and in a growing economy like India the story is not very different.
“India has now started building its buildings, we are constructing now. If you look at the statistics which is released by the government of India, it talks about that in next by 2020 or 2025 three times of the present number of buildings are going to be done and that is going to be done in the next 20 years from now.”
Traditional Indian architecture design has been more or less climate-responsive buildings with conservative use of resources were an integral part of traditional Indian architecture they were designed for optimum utilization of natural resources like sun water and air in a suitable manner to reduce energy needs however with growing urbanization the reverse is happening a large number of buildings constructed today consume high energy excess water and Other natural resources during their entire life cycle.
India with its rapidly developing economy needs to balance its growth with ecological sustainability there is an urgent need to conserve energy resources so that the gap between demand and supply can be maintained at comfortable levels. If not implemented in a correct manner this factor alone can jeopardize India's growth story. Building green could be one such option among many others.
“Green buildings are buildings designed, constructed and operated to minimize the adverse impact on the environment.”
Today builders and developers in India are making more green buildings than ever before India today has over 250 buildings covering over 1 billion square feet certified as green by the Indian green building council. The Indian green building council is IGBC is taking a lead in promoting the green importance of green, and sustainable building designs through its lead that is leadership in energy and environmental design certification, one such contributor, to the green building movement in India is Vidur Bharadwaj a pioneer of green architecture in Northern India.